The tragedies that silenced football

The tragic events of recent weeks in Indonesia and Thursday’s match in Argentina have reopened old wounds in the world of soccer.

The match in the Asian country left 131 dead after a clash between fans and police, while on Thursday it was a Gimnasia fan who lost his life outside the stadium.

What other tragedies has the world of soccer experienced?

1. Peru-Argentina 1964 (328 deaths)

The match played at the National Stadium between the two teams was a qualifier for the Tokyo Olympics.

The Albiceleste was leading 0-1 and, when the Peruvian team equalized, referee Angel Eduardo Pazos Bianchi disallowed the goal, provoking the anger of the local fans.

It was then that the fans jumped onto the field, causing the police to unleash dogs and tear gas, while a brawl broke out between fans using sticks and knives.

In the end, the match was called off, with Argentina winning, and 328 deaths were recorded, 90% of them due to asphyxiation.

2. Napoli-Bologna 1955 (152 deaths)

During a Serie A match between the two teams, the referee awarded a penalty to the visiting team, which caused Napoli fans to go into a rage and start rioting against the police.

In the end, the clashes between fans and security forces left 152 dead, of which 50 were police officers.

3. Accra Hearts-Kumasi Ashanti 2001 (130 dead)

The match in Ghana was 2-1 in favor of the home team, which provoked the visiting fans to start tearing the seats out of their stands.

In response, the police began to use tear gas to try to stop the Kumasi fans, but it only led to the fatal outcome.

The visiting fans, in the absence of air, decided to flee towards the exit doors, although the police had closed them, which led to avalanches that took the lives of 130 people.

4. Nottingham Forest-Liverpool 1989 (97 deaths)

Known as the “Hillsborough Tragedy”, this match was part of the semi-finals of the FA Cup.

On this occasion, the tragedy had nothing to do with violent attitudes on the part of any of the fans or clashes with the police.

What caused the disaster was a selling of too many tickets, with police cramming too many fans into specific parts of the stadium, which led to 2,000 fans trying to gain access to a stadium that, moreover, was not in the best condition.

All this caused avalanches in the stands that took the lives of 96 people, although 32 years later, another man died due to consequences of that day, becoming the 97th victim.

5. Guatemala-Costa Rica 1996 (84 dead)

During a match corresponding to the 1998 World Cup qualifiers at the Mateo Flores stadium, there was a massive influx of spectators on the field.

First of all, there was a clear lack of control and security measures in the stadium, in addition to the fact that more tickets were sold than allowed.

This caused an avalanche of fans to attack the fans seated in the stands, who died from asphyxiation and from being beaten by other fans.

The result was 84 deaths and national mourning in the country.

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